When it comes to world leaders, many noteworthy individuals stand out. From Adolf Hitler and Joan of Arc to Ronald Regan and Malcolm X, these notable individuals helped mold countries and shape lives alike.
Napoleon Bonaparte had remarkable military skills that greatly shaped his country, while pioneers in science like Galileo and Michelangelo made an indelible mark on our world. This list will help you learn more about the world apart from your insider world of online poker on any of the sites reviewed on https://centiment.io!
1. George Washington
George Washington was an iconic Founding Father who laid the foundation of the United States of America. His wisdom, bravery, and leadership shaped history, and continue to provide inspiration and motivation today.
In 1775, political tensions between Britain and her North American colonies escalated into open warfare. When Shays’ Rebellion broke out in Massachusetts, President Washington recognized that the Articles of Confederation could no longer address his country’s mounting troubles and called a convention to change them.
The Convention produced a Constitution, providing more authority for national government than was allowed under Articles. This historic document marked its debut.
As the leader of the convention, George Washington established a model for peaceful transfer of power in America. Additionally, he instilled the principle that military should serve the civilian government rather than vice versa – his success as a general during the Revolution and refusal to seize control of American forces after victory were evidence of this fact. Washington served as an inspiration for later revolutionary leaders such as Julius Caesar in ancient Rome, Oliver Cromwell in England and Napoleon Bonaparte in France.
2. Adolf Hitler
Hitler rose to power as leader of Germany from 1933 until his death in 1945, leading them through the Second World War and Holocaust which killed millions of Jews. Known for using propaganda to spread his beliefs and ideas further than before. Additionally, oil-powered submarines allowed faster war travel.
After serving in World War I, he joined groups that protested capitalism, Communism, the unpopular Treaty of Versailles, democracy and ultimately came to believe that Jews were at the root of all of life’s woes.
At the onset of the Great Depression, Hitler saw an opportunity to expand his party and take power in Germany. The Nazis triumphantly won numerous state elections by capitalizing on dissatisfaction over economic conditions as well as division among other political parties.
Hitler’s attempt at consolidating power resulted in him dissolving parliament and consolidating military control under himself. He proclaimed himself Fuhrer (“leader”), combining both positions into one role. Additionally, he began arming Germany contrary to Versailles Treaty terms while demanding Sudetenland (a region within Czechoslovakia with a high German population).
3. Franklin Roosevelt
Franklin Roosevelt transformed America during his presidency. Recognizing America’s newly expanded global responsibilities, he took an aggressive role in shaping a new global order based on the United Nations Security Council and helped set in motion an entirely new international order dominated by relations with Soviet Russia (which quickly overtook Germany and Japan as America’s principal adversary). But he left his successors a difficult problem of relations between Germany, Japan, and America that became their main rival globally.
As soon as Roosevelt entered the White House, he found himself facing one of the greatest economic crises ever seen in modern history. While his initial plan did not provide many details or solutions, Roosevelt was determined to overcome it and was eventually successful in passing laws creating alphabet agencies like Agricultural Adjustment Administration and Civilian Conservation Corps designed to bring relief and reform.
At every turn of his career, FDR fought for the rights of American citizens and workers while fighting back against anyone attempting to undermine democracy and freedom. He sought to add new justices to the Supreme Court – something many critics viewed as an attempt by him to bypass separation of powers. On April 30, 1944 he delivered his famous “Day of Infamy” speech calling for war with Nazi Germany; with Winston Churchill, they then organized Casablanca Conference that outlined strategy against Hitler’s dictatorship.
4. Benito Mussolini
Nearly every country on Earth has one figure that symbolizes its national mythology: Charlemagne for France, Peter the Great in Russia, George Washington among Americans, Benito Mussolini in Italy etc.
After World War I, Italy was besieged with mass unemployment, political party infighting, and strikes by socialists and communists. Mussolini rallied disillusioned citizens around his belief that they needed a strong leader who could restore order; creating the Fasci di Combattimento in 1919 as an underground army composed of street fighters known as Blackshirts who beat up socialists and communists before seizing control over local governments from them.
Mussolini established his fascist government of Italy in 1922. Modeled after ancient Roman Empire, Mussolini believed that nations’ prestige depended upon their military might and power. After forging an alliance with Germany’s dictator, he led Italy into World War II – quickly losing support when his army began fighting on various fronts across multiple theaters of war; soon thereafter when Allies invaded in 1943 and forced Mussolini out, losing support along the way and being forced out; later that same year he coined word fascism to describe a system run by one person who disregarding differing political opinions of those under him and soon died shortly afterwards. Mussolini created this term “fascinism”, which refers to rule by one dictator who disregarding opposing political opinions through in imposed on people;
5. Vladimir Lenin
Lenin was an outspoken proponent of Marxist thought who helped establish modern communism.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by his nickname of “Lenin,” was the architect and first leader of Russia’s 1917 Revolution and successor state the Soviet Union. Employing violence to install his version of Marxist socialism known as communism he sought to control means of production, redistribute wealth more equitably among society members, eradicate aristocracy, and foster more equitable relationships between classes in society.
Lenin established his revolutionary ideas and formed his party while living in exile during the 1890s. While traveling Europe, he published Iskra newspaper — named after his family estate in Siberia — which became one of his main forms of political expression. Due to his constant movement and political activity, however, Lenin became wanted in Russia; consequently spending years under assumed names while hiding out in cities like Munich, Prague Paris Manchester etc.
During World War I, he used the conflict as a platform to promote his ideas. He claimed that war was inevitable due to capitalist economies relying on aggressive foreign expansion to maintain profits – an argument which inspired one of his most famous works, Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism (1916).
6. Martin Luther
Martin Luther (1483-1546) initiated the Protestant Reformation with his 95 Theses against Catholic church indulgence sales practices. Luther believed two core doctrines: that Scripture alone was supreme religious authority and humans could attain salvation by faith alone rather than through deeds done for salvation – ideas not unique to Luther but codified at a time when people sought spiritual liberation.
As a monk, he continued his studies of theology and Bible, becoming known for developing insights that would shape Christian thought for centuries to come.
He wrote hymns such as Our Mighty Fortress Is God and other theological works, while also translating the Old Testament into German (though still uncompleted).
Luther was thrust into controversy of a more political nature in 1525 when large parts of Europe experienced peasant revolts, partly inspired by agrarian grievances and partly by appeals to reformation ideas. Luther initially responded moderately in his Admonition to Peace and advocated dialogue between rulers and peasants; but when peasants murdered a count and his entourage, his response became more strident as evidenced in his work Against Murderous, Thieving Hordes of Peasants.
7. Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela was an anti-apartheid activist and politician from South Africa, best known for leading the African National Congress and creating its Youth League. Working tirelessly for years on behalf of anti-apartheid activists he eventually went on to be elected President of South Africa; leaving a lasting impactful legacy.
Nelson Mandela was born into a wealthy family in the Eastern Cape, yet forsook any claim of chieftaincy to pursue law studies at both South African Native College (now University of Fort Hare) and Witwatersrand Universities. Once graduated he opened a law practice with Oliver Tambo – another brilliant student he met at Fort Hare.
Mandela organized peaceful acts of resistance during the 1952 Defiance Campaign and 1955 Congress of the People. After being charged with treason but later exonerated, in 1956 he joined Black activists in creating Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation).
In 1958, Mandela married Winnie Madikizela and had two daughters together: Zenani and Zindziswa. However, after divorcing in 1996 they divorced. During his presidency he created jobs, improved healthcare services for South Africans, raised funds to build schools and clinics throughout rural South Africa as well as creating funds that supported building these facilities in remote rural areas of South Africa.